Was a Marxist philosopher. He was born in Ludwigshafen, the son of a Jewish railway employee. He studied philosophy and married Karola Bloch, a Polish architect and his third wife, in Vienna in 1934. When the Nazis came to power , they had to flee, first to Switzerland, then to Austria, France, Czechoslovakia, and finally the USA. He returned to the GDR in 1949 and obtained a chair in philosophy at Leipzig. He left, not to return, as the Berlin wall was constructed in 1961, going to Tübingen in West Germany, where he received an honorary chair in Philosophy and his Marxist ideology was to influence the student movement through the 1960’s (1). He died in Tübingen in 1977.
(1) Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger